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Necker, R.: Specializations in the lumbosacral spinal cord of birds: morphological and behavioural evidence for a sense of equilibrium. Eur J Morphol 37, 211-214 (1999)

Necker R, Janßen A and Beissenhirtz T: Behavioral evidence of the role of lumbosacral anatomical specializations in pigeons in maintaining equilibrium during terrestrial locomotion. J Comp Physiol A, 186, 409-412 (2000)

Milinski T and
Necker R: Histochemical and immunocytochemical investigations of the marginal nuclei in the spinal cord of pigeons (Columba livia). Brain Res Bull 56, 15-21 (2001)

Necker R: Mechanosensitivity of spinal accessory lobe neurons in the pigeon. Neurosci Letters 320, 53-56 (2002)

Rosenberg J and
Necker R: Ultrastructural characterization of the accessory lobes of Lachi in the lumbosacral spinal cord of the pigeon with special reference to intrinsic mechanoreceptors. J Comp Neurol. 447: 274-285 (2002)

Necker R: Histological and immunocytochemical characterization of neurons located in the white matter of the spinal cord of the pigeon. J Chem Neuroanat 27: 109-117 (2004)

Necker R: Are paragriseal cells in the avian lumbosacral spinal cord displaced ventral spinocerebellar neurons? Neuroscience Letters 382: 56-60 (2005)

Necker R: The structure and development of avian lumbosacral specializations of the vertebral canal and te spinal cord with special reference to a possible function as a sense organ of equilibrium. Anat Embryol 210: 59-74 (2005)

Necker R: Specializations in the lumbosacral vertebral canal and spinal cord of birds: evidence of a function as a sense organ which is involved in the control of walking. J Comp Physiol A  192:439-448 (2006)

Necker R: Head-bobbing of walking birds - a review. J Comp Physiol A 193: 1177-1183 (2007)

Necker R: Stehen der Vögel auf einem Bein: Mechanismen und mögliche Funktionen - eine Übersicht. Vogelwarte 48: 43-49 (2010)


 Necker, R. and R.F. Hellon: Noxious thermal input from the rat tail: Modulation by descending inhibitory influences. Pain 4, 231-242 (1978)

Necker, R. and B. Reiner: Temperature-sensitive mechanoreceptors, thermoreceptors and heat nociceptors in the feathered skin of pigeons. J. Comp. Physiol. 135, 201-207 (1980)

Günther, S. and
Necker, R.: Spinal distribution and brainstem projection of lamina I neurons in the pigeon. Neurosci. Letters 186, 111-114 (1995)

Galhardo V, Lima D and
Necker R: Spinomedullary pathways in the pigeon (Columba livia): differential involvement of lamina I cells. J Comp Neurol 423, 631-645 (2000)
 

Somatosensation

                                                    

 Necker, R.: Somatosensory System. In: Physiology and Behavior of the Pigeon. Academic Press, London, pp. 109-192, 1983.

Necker, R.: Receptors in the skin of the wing of pigeons and their possible role in bird flight. In: W. Nachtigall (ed.) Biona-Report. Fischer, Stuttgart New York, pp. 433-444 (1985)

Necker, R. and C.C. Meinecke: Conduction velocity and fiber diameters in a cutaneous nerve of the pigeon. J. Comp. Physiol. A 154, 817-824 (1984)

Necker, R.: Observations on the function of a slowly adapting mechanoreceptor associated with filoplumes in the feathered skin of pigeons. J. Comp. Physiol. A 156, 391-394 (1985)

Necker, R.: Projection of a cutaneous nerve to the spinal cord of the pigeon. I. Evoked field potentials. Exp. Brain Res. 59, 338-343 (1985)

Necker, R.: Projection of a cutaneous nerve to the spinal cord in the pigeon. II. Responses of dorsal horn neurons. Exp. Brain Res. 59, 344-352 (1985)

Necker, R. and C. Schermuly: Central projections of the radial nerve and one of its cutaneous branches in the pigeon. Neurosci. Lett. 58, 271-276 (1985)

Funke, K. and R.
Necker: Cells of origin of ascending pathways in the spinal cord of the pigeon. Neurosci. Lett. 71, 25-30 (1986)

Necker, R.: Cells of origin of spinothalamic, spinotectal, spinoreticular and spinocerebellar pathways in the pigeon as studied by the retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase. J. Hirnforsch. 30, 33-43 (1989)

Schneider A. and R.
Necker: Spinothalamic projections in the pigeon. Brain Res. 484, 139-149 (1989)

Necker R.: Sensory representation of the wing in the spinal dorsal horn of the pigeon. Exp. Brain Res. 81, 403-412 (1990)

Necker R.: Cells of origin of ascending and descending as well as branching fibers in the spinal cord of the pigeon. Neurosci. Lett. 119, 1-4 (1990)

Necker R.: Cells of origin of avian postsynaptic dorsal column pathways. Neurosci. Lett. 126, 91-93 (1991)

Necker, R: Spinal neurons projecting to anterior or posterior cerebellum in the pigeon. Anatomy and Embryology 185, 325-334 (1992)

Reinke H. and R.
Necker: Spinal dorsal column afferent fiber composition in the pigeon: an electrophysiological investigation. J. Comp. Physiol. A 171, 397-403 (1992)

Necker, R., G. Rehkämper and E. Nevo: Electrophysiological mapping of body representation in the cortex of the blind mole rat. NeuroReport 3, 505-508 (1992)

Rehkämper, G.,
Necker, R., and Nevo, E.: Functional anatomy of the thalamus in the blind mole rat Spalax ehrenbergi: an architectonic and electrophysiologically controlled tracing study. J. Comp. Neurol. 347, 570-584 (1994)

Necker, R.: Sensorimotor aspects of flight control in birds:specializations in the spinal cord. Eur. J. Morphol. 32 207-211 (1994)

Ohmori, Y. and
Necker, R.: Central projections of primary afferents from the interosseous nerve in the pigeon. Brain Res. Bulletin 38, 269-274 (1995)

Reinke, H. and R.
Necker: Coding of vibration by neurones of the dorsal column nuclei in the pigeon. J. Comp. Physiol. A 179, 263-276 (1996)

Schneider, A. and R.
Necker: Electrophysiological investigations of the somatosensory thalamus of the pigeon. Exp Brain Res 109, 377-383 (1996)

Necker, R. and Neumann, V.: Response characteristics of cerebellar nuclear cells in the pigeon. NeuroReport 8, 1485-1488 (1997)

Schulte, M. and
Necker, R.: Processing of spinal somatosensory information in anterior and posterior cerebellum of the pigeon. J Comp Physiol A, 183, 111-120 (1998)

Necker R. and J. Rosenberg: Fiber composition of the interosseous nerve of the pigeon. J Anat 194, 525-530 (1999)

Necker, R.: The somatosensory system. In: Sturkies Avian Physiology (ed. CG Whittow). Academic Press, New York, 2000, pp 57-69

Necker, R.: Functional anatomy of the spinal cord. In: Sturkies Avian Physiology (ed. CG Whittow). Academic Press, New York, 2000, pp 71-81

Necker R: Spinocerebellar projections in the pigeon with special reference to the neck region of the body. J Comp Neurol 429, 403-418 (2001)

Necker R: Distribution of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and NADPH diaphorase in the spinal cord of the pigeon. Anat Embryol 208: 169-181 (2004)

Necker R: Embryonic development of choline acetyltransferase and nitric oxide synthase in the spinal cord of pigeons and chickens with special reference to the superficial dorsal horn. Anat Embryol 210: 145-154 (2005)
 

Lumbosacral system
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Thermoregulation

  
 Necker, R.: Response of trigeminal ganglion neurons to thermal stimulation of the beak in pigeons. J. comp. Physiol. 78, 307-314 (1972)

Rautenberg, W. R,
Necker and B. May: Thermoregulatory responses of the pigeon to changes of the brain and the spinal cord temperatures. Pflügers Arch. 338, 31-42 (1972)

Necker, R.: Temperature sensitivity of thermoreceptors and mechanoreceptors on the beak of pigeons. J. comp. Physiol. 87, 379-391 (1973)

Necker, R.: Temperature-sensitive ascending neurons in the spinal cord of pigeons. Pflügers Arch. 353, 275-286 (1975)

Necker, R. and W. Rautenberg: Effect of spinal deafferentation on temperature regulation and spinal thermosensitivity in pigeons. Pflügers Arch. 360, 287-299 (1975)

Görke, K., R.
Necker and W. Rautenberg: Neurophysiological investigations of spinal reflexes at different temperatures of spinal cord in birds and reptiles. Pflügers Arch. 359, 269-271 (1975)

Necker, R.: Thermal sensitivity of different skin areas in pigeons. J. comp. Physiol. 116, 239-246 (1977)

Graf, R. and R.
Necker: Cyclic and non-cyclic variations of spinal cord temperature related with temperature regulation in pigeons. Pflügers Arch. 380, 215-220 (1979)

Necker, R,: Thermoreception and temperature regulation in homeothermic vertebrates. In: Progress in Sensory Physiology. Vol. 2, pp. 1-47 (1981)

Necker, R.: Effects of temperature on afferent synaptic transmission in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord of pigeons. J. Therm. Biol. 8, 15-18 (1983)

Necker, R.: The problem of bimodal receptors - responses to thermal stimuli. Fortschritte der Zoologie 28, 1-16 (1983)

Necker, R.: Central thermosensitivity: CNS and extra CNS. In: Thermal Physiology. J.R.S. Hales (ed.), pp. 53-61. Raven Press, New York 1984

Blatteis, C.M., R.
Necker, J.R.S. Hales A.A. Fawcett and K. Hirata: Thermoregulatory responses of febrile sheep to spinal and hypothalamic heating. Am. J. Physiol. 253, R868-R876 (1987)

Necker R. and H. Gnuschke: Effects of hypothalamic lesions on temperature regulation in pigeons. Brain Res. Bulletin 22, 787-791 (1989)

Schäfer K., R.
Necker and H.A. Braun: Analysis of avian cold receptor function. Brain Res. 501, 66-72 (1989)
 

Pain
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Hearing

                                         

Necker, R.: Zur Entstehung der Cochleapotentiale von Vögeln: Verhalten bei 02- Mangel, Cyanidvergiftung und Unterkühlung sowie Beobachtungen über die räumliche Verteilung. Z. vergl. Physiol. 69, 367-425 (1970)

Necker, R,: Hearing, In: Physiology and Behavior of the Pigeon. Academic Press, London, pp. 193-219, 1983
 

Necker, R.: The avian ear and hearing. In: Sturkies Avian Physiology (ed. CG Whittow). Academic Press, New York, 2000, pp 21-38
 

Hearing
Lumbosacral system
Selected own publications
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